Adopted ADA Standards
ColoradoTalentDashboard.com, as a collaboration of Colorado State Agencies, has adopted the ADA Standards submitted by Governor’s Office of Information Technology (OIT) ADA Standards (for visually impaired) Work Committee on January 12, 2001
The following ADA Standards were adopted by the Commission on Information Management (IMC) as required by House Bill 00-1269, approved June 1, 2000, for information technology access for individuals who are blind or visually impaired.
HB 1269 requires:
The IMC to develop, on or before 2/1/01, nonvisual access standards for information technology systems employed by state agencies that:provide blind or visually impaired individuals with access to information stored electronically by ensuring compatibility with adaptive technology systems so that such individuals have full and equal access when needed: AND
are designed to present information, including prompts used for interactive communications, in formats intended for both visual and nonvisual use, such as the use of text-only options.
The head of each state agency to develop a written, as part of its annual IT plan and to develop proposed budget requests to implement the nonvisual access standards for its agency at publicly accessible facilities.
The IMC to approve minimum standards and criteria to be used in approving/rejecting procurements by state agencies for adaptive technologies for nonvisual access uses in compliance with section 24-37.5-202, CRS by June 1, 2001.
The IMC/OIT to consult with state agencies and representatives of individuals who are blind or visually impaired in developing the nonvisual access standards and the procurement criteria.
The IMC to develop a technology access clause that may be used in contracts by state agencies when they purchase, upgrade, or replace information technology equipment or software. It shall require that IT supplied by a vendor meet the standards set by the IMC.
Please note that HB 1269 does not require the installation of software or peripheral devices used for nonvisual access when the IT is being used by individuals who are not blind or visually impaired or the purchase of nonvisual adaptive equipment.
Process in December 2000, OIT assembled a work committee to develop ADA standards for information technology access for individuals who are blind or visually impaired per the requirements established by HB 1269. The ADA Standards Work Committee is comprised of a cross section of private and public sector individuals as well as visually impaired persons. The Committee met initially on December 18, 2000 to develop proposed standards, using the W3C guidelines as its primary source document. On December 21, 2000 the Department of Justice issued its final accessibility standards for information technology as required by section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998. The Committee met again on January 8, 2001 and compared the W3C guidelines with the applicable portions of the Department of Justice standards. Because the W3C standards were substantially integrated into the Department of Justice section 508 standards, the following recommended standards comport with both the applicable Department of Justice section 508 standards and the W3C private sector guidelines.
Pursuant to the dictates of HB 1269, the Work Committee’s initial proposed standards focus on design criteria for web-based publicly accessible information. The standards cover the following specific categories: Equivalents, Color, Markup Language/Style Sheets, Tables, Natural Language, Time-Sensitive Content, and Dynamic Content and Device Independent.
Recommendation due to the quickly changing nature of technology, the ADA Standards Work Committee recommends that annual reviews of these standards be reviewed on annually and updated appropriately.
The following terms, as defined, shall be used in interpreting the standards:
- Accessible: Content is accessible when it may be used by someone with a disability.
- Applet: A program inserted into a web page.
- Assistive technology: Software or hardware that has been specifically designed to assist people with disabilities in carrying out daily activities. Assistive technology includes wheelchairs, reading machines, devices for grasping, etc. In the area of web Accessibility, common software-based assistive technologies include screen readers, screen magnifiers, speech synthesizers, and voice input software that operate in conjunction with graphical desktop browsers (among other user agents). Hardware assistive technologies include alternative keyboards and pointing devices.
- ASCII art: ASCII art refers to text characters and symbols that are combined to create an image. For example 😉 is the smiley emoticon.
- Authoring tool: HTML editors, document conversion tools, tools that generate Web content from databases are all authoring tools.
- Backward compatible: Design that continues to work with earlier versions of a language, program, etc.
- Braille: Braille uses six raised dots in different patterns to represent letters and numbers to be read by people who are blind with their fingertips. A Braille display, commonly referred to as a dynamic Braille display, raises or lowers dot patterns on command from an electronic device, usually a computer. The result is a line of Braille that can change from moment to moment. Current dynamic Braille displays range in size from one cell (six or eight dots) to an eighty-cell line, most having between twelve and twenty cells per line.
- Caption: A caption is a text transcript for the audio track of a video presentation that is synchronized with the video and audio tracks. Captions are generally rendered visually by being superimposed over the video, which benefits people who are deaf and hard-of-hearing, and anyone who cannot hear the audio (e.g., in a crowded room).
- Collated text transcript: A collated text transcript combines (collates) captions with text descriptions of video information (descriptions of the actions, body language, graphics, and scene changes of the video track).
- Content developer: someone who authors Web pages or designs Web sites.
- Deprecated: A deprecated element or attribute is one that has been outdated by newer constructs. Deprecated elements may become obsolete in future versions of HTML. Authors should avoid using deprecated elements and attributes. User agents should continue to support them for reasons of backward compatibility.
- Device independent: Users must be able to interact with a user agent (and the document it renders) using the supported input and output devices of their choice and according to their needs. Input devices may include pointing devices, keyboards, Braille devices, head wands, microphones, and others. Output devices may include monitors, speech synthesizers, and Braille devices. Please note that device-independent support does not mean that user agents must support every input or output device. User agents should offer redundant input and output mechanisms for those devices that are supported. For example, if a user agent supports keyboard and mouse input, users should be able to interact with all features using either the keyboard or the mouse.M.Document Content, Structure, and Presentation: The content of a document refers to what it says to the user through natural language, images, sounds, movies, animations, etc. The structure of a document is how it is organized logically (e.g., by chapter, with an introduction and table of contents, etc.). An element (e.g., P, STRONG, BLOCKQUOTE in HTML) that specifies document structure is called a structural element. The presentation of a document is how the document is rendered (e.g., as print, as a two-dimensional graphical presentation, as a text-only presentation, as synthesized speech, as Braille, etc.). An element that specifies document presentation (e.g., B, FONT, CENTER) is called a presentation element.Consider a document heading, for example. The content of the heading is what the heading says (e.g., Sailboats). In HTML, the heading is a structural element marked up with, for example, an H2 element. Finally, the presentation of the heading might be a bold block text in the margin, a centered line of text, a title spoken with a certain voice style (like an aural font), etc.
- Dynamic HTML (DHTML): DHTML is the marketing term applied to a mixture of standards including HTML, style sheets, the Document Object Model (DOM) and scripting.
- Element: This document uses the term element both in the strict SGML sense (an element is a syntactic construct) and more generally to mean a type of content (such as video or sound) or a logical construct (such as a heading or list). The second sense emphasizes that a guideline inspired by HTML could easily apply to another markup language.Note that some (SGML) elements have content that is rendered (e.g., the P, LI, or TABLE elements in HTML), some are replaced by external content (e.g., IMG), and some affect processing (e.g., STYLE and SCRIPT cause information to be processed by a stylesheet or script engine). An element that causes text characters to be part of the document is called a text element.